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Criteria of professional production. Part 1

Sound design

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What are criteria of professionally-made tracks?


Being a DJ and A&R guy, I receive a lot of promos and demos on a regular basis. Some tracks are great, some are... well, not really. Some producers ask for my opinion, and if I honestly tell «sorry, the quality of production is not good enough», it brings debates about professional vs. amateurish tracks which led to more questions than answers. I’d like to help all up-and-coming producers out there by defining the main components of professional tracks from the technical side of things.

After thinking about it, I came up with the three main criteria that stand out for: sound design, transitions/fills, and DJ-friendly arrangement. In this series, I’ll tell you about each criterion in details, and today’s talk is about sound design.

Part 1. Sound design
Part 2. Fills and transitions
Part 3. DJ-friendly arrangement

What is sound design

Sound design is a broad term, so let me define it to avoid confusion. By sound design I mean the timbre, the shape, the feel of each and every sound in the track individually and their matching together, which in turn includes equalization, compression, effects, and other post-processing. At some point mixing and mastering also could be named “sound design”, but I prefer to put it separately as it’s a pretty distinctive field of work.

The thing is, in electronic dance music, it’s not that important what sounds, but how does it sound. Although personally, I love musical content, there is plenty of professionally-made and successful tracks with literally just one or few notes, so bear with me.

For example, here’s a simple kick and bass:

Which of these audio examples is better? Let me say right off the bat, that this is a tricky question: “better” or “worse” are not really the right words to use when comparing sounds. The first example seems outdated, as if from the 2000s. The second example seems more modern-sounding, given the current subgenre’s standards. When I was working on the album, I wanted to convey a sense of futurism, so the second example suited me better in this context.

Read also about music standards and album behind the scenes

Or here’s a more melodic example:

Note that in both examples, nothing has changed in terms of content: here are all the same notes and the same instrument groups — bass, acid, pad, and one more melody. But the timbres and processing, that is, how all these instruments sound, are different quite significantly.

Binary Star

I believe, sound design is the main criteria of professionally-made tracks. Even if your track has some amazing ideas and musical content (which I’m not talking about in this article), but if the sound design doesn’t match the sub-standard, it sounds poor. Keep in mind that vice versa isn’t necessarily true: a musically poor but professionally-made track can be a dancefloor hit.

in electronic dance music, it’s not that important what sounds, but how does it sound

What do you

Here is some advice:

Learn the basics. I’m talking about synthesis, sampling techniques, processing, modulation and other fundamental aspects of music production in general, which are essential for sound design as well.

Keep learning. When you think you’ve learned enough, learn more. Make sure to invest your time in learning new things, new technologies, new tricks. In fact, as a music producer and as a professional, you should never stop learning. Luckily, the internet opens huge possibilities for education — you can easily find courses, online schools, master-classes, communities, blogs, and millions of free tutorials.

Be creative. There is nothing wrong with using sample packs or presets, but use it wisely. Rather than use it as it is, do some clever processing: tweak, resample, reverse, chop, and more weird things. Watch the video how John 00 Fleming turns an ordinary guitar sample sound into a lush trance pad:

In the next instalment, we’ll talk about transitions between parts of the track.

 404   2016   Advice   Music production   Sound design

Since 2015, I’ve run an advice section giving my experience and answering readers’ questions on music production, DJing, performing, marketing, management, and other aspects of the music industry. The purpose of the series is to spread knowledge and cultivate professionalism in the music industry. The advice series works simply: you send me your questions, and I answer them with a blog post when I have something relevant to say. Send me your questions via the form.

1 comment
Hana Grygarová 2019

Don’t want to be annoying, but can you share at least some secrets how did you move from kick and bass stage one to kick and bass stage two? :-)

Anyway, great article.

© Daniel Sokolovskiy, 2022
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